What is the Difference Between Gun Oil and Gun Cleaner?

Gun maintenance is a detailed process that mainly involves cleaning and lubrication. Failure to clean your gun can result in periodic fouling of powder, bullet/shot, and shotgun barrels. Failure to lubricate your gun means that it will have a hard time functioning properly and metal parts can become stressed and even fail. Even if the gun is not used, the moisture of the sweat and the storage environment can damage the metal parts and even create rust. These issues will affect the reliability, accuracy, and longevity of your gun.

Due to the variety of gun cleaning products of different brands in the market, it can be difficult for beginners to differentiate between gun oil and gun cleaner. We have come here with both differences and proper uses.

Always unload your gun and store ammunition separately during cleaning and maintenance. Do this first and every time before you start any other cleaning process.

Gun Cleaner Vs. Gun Oil: What’s the Difference?

The main difference between gun oil and gun cleaners is that gun cleaners remove debris, fouling, and residue and clean your gun. However, gun oil lubricates the moving and metal parts of the gun for long-term protection.

What’s a Gun Cleaner?

Gun cleaners are chemical-based formulas that work to eliminate built-up pollutants, for example, copper and carbon fouling in your gun.

Benefits of Gun Cleaners

Solve the Residue

Copper and carbon formation are firmly embedded in the bore of the gun and in other parts. Just rubbing them with a utility brush is difficult and ineffective. When you wet the gun parts with a gun cleaner, the formula will remove the residue, making it easier to clean. Using soap on dirty dishes is like plain water!

Maintains the Appearance and Value of the Gun

With fouling, grime, and other residues gone, your gun will look better. Cleaning with a gun solvent is a great way to preserve the look and value of your gun.

When to Use Gun Cleaners?

Gun cleaners are used when the gun is dirty. You can start opening your group. The slide may feel gritty or bolt sticky. The gun will also feel a little rough when firing. You can use a borescope to examine the bore. On the rifle, if the bore appears to be coated with copper, it’s time to clean your gun with a copper-removing gun cleaner.

How to Use Gun Cleaners

To use a gun cleaner, follow the below steps carefully:

Step 1: Disassemble the Gun

For detailed cleaning, you will need to remove the gun completely according to the manufacturer’s instructions. For the pistol, remove the slide. For the rifle, remove the bolt. For shotguns, remove barrels and/or bolts.

Step 2: Clean the Gun Bore

Soak the cleaning patch in an ultra-powerful gun bore cleaner and run it through the barrel – from the breech to the muzzle. Remove dirt and other debris using a cleaning rod twice. For heavy fouling, you can run a bronze brush with a cleaner-soaked patch on it a few times. Run a few times through the cleaner-soaked barrel until the dry patch comes out clean. Be sure to wipe off excess cleaning of wood and painted/finished or synthetic stocks immediately to avoid damage to the finish.

Step 3: Clean the Moving Parts

In Step 1, spread the disassembled metal parts of the disassembled gun, such as magazines, bolts, barrels, and slides, on a solution-resistant surface or on a cleaning pad. Then wipe off any dirt or debris with a utility brush. Finally, wipe the part with a clean patch to complete the shine and remove the extra cleaner.

What’s a Gun Oil?

Gun oil is an exceptionally refined petroleum-based lubricant. It contrasts from the motor, 3-in-1, and other oils in its purity level. Beyond the grease, there are also additives designed to protect the metal parts of the gun from rust and rust.

Benefits of Gun Oils

Protects against rust

Guns used in wet or humid environments are stored in those humid conditions. Even fingerprints can leave salt and moisture on the surface of your gun. Moisture and other residues can attack the finish and metal parts of your gun and create rust and corrosion. Rust and corrosion can cause problems with function and accuracy, as well as affect appearance, value, and longevity.

Gun oil from a reputable brand like Hoppe’s contains rust inhibitors that displace moisture in the bore and exterior of your gun and protect the base steel at the molecular level. These oils have a high viscosity index, meaning they come with a wide temperature range. No need to worry about oil hardening at low temperatures.

Reduces friction

When you fire a bullet, the sliding and load-bearing parts of the gun such as the sears, slide rails, and bolt carriers – face great pressure and wear out as they grind on each other. Gun lubricating oil can help reduce friction in these areas and extend the life of your gun.

When to Use Gun Oil?

Lubricate them after cleaning the gun. Lubrication without cleaning will create built-in greasy residue and will actually attract dirt and debris. This will ultimately affect the performance of the gun. In addition, at least never store your gun without wiping the metal surfaces with lubricating oil.

How to Use Gun Oil

For detailed gun maintenance, keep in mind that “less is more” in terms of lubrication. Apply a small amount of gun oil on the moving parts of the action and wipe it thin. Notice where the metal finish is on the surface of the bearing. They will need lubrication. You can use a grease wipe to apply a thin layer of gun oil to the entire outer metal surface to protect them while they are in the field or in storage.

For long-term storage purposes, attach a small cotton patch to the end of the cleaning rod. Pour a small amount of gunpowder oil into the cotton patch and run it slowly through the gun bore to release a thin layer of grease. Be sure to run a dry patch through your bore before the next shooting to remove the storage oil.

To quickly wipe, apply a few drops of lubricating oil to the lubricated area of ​​the bore snake. Pour the brass weight of the bore snake through the chamber and go through the barrel. Pull it out to clean and lubricate your gun bore with a bridge.

What to Use on Your Firearm: Gun Oil or Gun Cleaner?

You need to use both gun cleaner and oil to improve the efficiency and longevity of your gun. Remember, never lubricate your gun without first cleaning it.

In case you’re searching for excellent gun maintenance tools and products, look no further. Hoppe’s has been industriously serving hunters, shooters, and the overall gun community for longer than a century.

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