Air Gun Laws In Missouri : Essential Guide & Regulations

In Missouri, air gun laws require individuals to be at least 18 years old to purchase and possess an air gun. Air gun laws in Missouri dictate that individuals must be 18 years old or older to both purchase and possess an air gun.

Missouri law does not classify air guns as firearms, but they are still regulated. It is important to understand the specific laws and regulations surrounding air guns to avoid any legal issues. This article will provide an overview of the air gun laws in Missouri and cover key points for residents and visitors in the state.

Whether you are an air gun enthusiast or simply looking to learn more about the laws in Missouri, this guide will provide you with the essential information needed to stay compliant. So let’s dive in and explore the air gun laws in Missouri in detail.

History Of Air Gun Laws

Air guns have a rich history in American culture, serving both as recreational tools and essential tools for pest control. However, just like any other weapon, they are subject to specific regulations to ensure public safety. In Missouri, regulations regarding air guns have evolved over the years to strike a balance between preserving personal freedom and maintaining public safety.

Early Regulations

During the early days of Missouri, there were not many specific laws pertaining to air guns. The regulations that did exist treated air guns similarly to firearms, requiring individuals to follow similar rules and regulations. However, these regulations were often vague and did not differentiate between air guns and more traditional firearms. This lack of specificity caused confusion among gun owners, leading to a need for updated regulations.

Recent Updates

In recent years, Missouri has made efforts to update and clarify the regulations regarding air guns. The aim was to create a separate set of regulations specifically tailored to air guns, taking into account their unique characteristics and usage. These updates have been welcomed by both gun owners and law enforcement agencies as they provide clear guidelines on the ownership, use, and transportation of air guns.

One significant update was the clarification on the minimum age for possessing and using an air gun. Missouri law now states that individuals must be at least 16 years old to possess an air gun. This age restriction helps ensure that air guns are kept out of the hands of young children who may not understand the safety measures required when handling such a device.

Another important update was the inclusion of regulations regarding the discharge of air guns within city limits. While some areas have specific ordinances relating to this issue, the state also specifies that air guns may not be discharged within 150 yards of any occupied building, school, or church. This regulation helps prevent accidents and ensures that air guns are used responsibly.

It is worth noting that the current regulations in Missouri allow for the purchase of air guns without the need for a permit or background check. However, anyone with a felony conviction is prohibited from owning or possessing an air gun, as they would be with any other firearm.


Understanding the history of air gun laws in Missouri helps shed light on the importance of balancing personal freedom with public safety. The recent updates have provided clarity and specificity, ensuring that air guns are enjoyed responsibly while minimizing the risk to individuals and the community at large.

Types Of Air Guns

In the state of Missouri, air guns are a popular choice among gun enthusiasts for various purposes. Understanding the types of air guns available is crucial for those interested in purchasing and utilizing these firearms. In this section, we will delve into the three main types of air guns: BB guns, pellet guns, and airsoft guns. Each type has its own unique features and uses, so let’s explore them further.

Bb Guns

BB guns are one of the most recognizable types of air guns and are widely available in Missouri. These guns use small metal or plastic BBs as ammunition, which are propelled by compressed air or gas. While they may resemble traditional firearms, BB guns are typically less powerful and are commonly used for recreational purposes such as target shooting or plinking. It is important to note that despite their lower power, BB guns should still be handled with responsibility and safety precautions in mind.

Pellet Guns

Pellet guns, also known as air rifles, are another common type of air gun found in Missouri. These guns use lead or alloy pellets as their ammunition and are propelled by compressed air or gas. Pellet guns are often favored for their accuracy and power, making them suitable for activities such as hunting small game or target shooting at longer distances. Some pellet guns have additional features like scopes or adjustable sights to enhance precision. When using pellet guns, it’s vital to adhere to Missouri’s regulations and safety measures.

Airsoft Guns

Unlike BB guns and pellet guns, airsoft guns are not designed to be lethal and are primarily used for recreational purposes. These guns shoot non-metallic spherical pellets made of plastic, commonly referred to as “BBs”. Airsoft guns are widely used in competitive sports like military simulation games or skirmishes, where participants engage in simulated combat scenarios. They are usually powered by compressed gas or electric motors. Missouri has specific regulations regarding the speed limits and usage of airsoft guns, so it’s important to familiarize yourself with these regulations before engaging in any airsoft activities.

Legal Classification

In Missouri, air guns are not legally considered firearms. Instead, they are classified as weapons. This means that they are subject to different laws and regulations compared to traditional firearms.

Under Missouri law, air guns are not considered firearms. This is important because it affects how they are regulated and who is allowed to possess them. While firearms are subject to strict regulations, air guns have their own set of rules.

When it comes to age restrictions, there are differences between firearms and air guns in Missouri. While individuals must be at least 18 years old to purchase a firearm, there is no minimum age requirement for purchasing an air gun in the state.

Licensing And Registration

In Missouri, individuals must comply with strict regulations regarding air guns, including licensing and registration requirements.

Permit Requirements

  • Residents of Missouri are required to obtain a permit to own and use an air gun.
  • The permit must be renewed annually to ensure compliance with the law.

Registration Process

  1. To register an air gun in Missouri, individuals must provide personal identification and proof of ownership.
  2. Registration can be done online through the state’s official website or in person at designated law enforcement agencies.

Restrictions On Use

`In Missouri, Restrictions on Use of air guns are important to understand to ensure compliance with the law. It is crucial to be aware of the regulations regarding shooting ranges and hunting activities. `

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Shooting Range Regulations

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`There are specific guidelines in Missouri regarding the operation of air guns in shooting ranges. `

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  • `Ensure proper ventilation and safety measures are in place.`
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  • `Keep all firearms secure when not in use.`
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  • `Always follow range officer instructions.`
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Hunting Restrictions

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`When using air guns for hunting in Missouri, certain restrictions apply to protect wildlife and ensure safety. `

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  1. `Check for specific hunting seasons and regulations.`
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  3. `Obtain the required hunting permits and licenses.`
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  5. `Adhere to the designated hunting areas and restrictions.`
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Transport And Carry Laws

In Missouri, Air Gun Laws regarding transport and carry are essential to understand for anyone who owns or uses an air gun. Whether it’s for hunting, target practice, or personal protection, being knowledgeable about these laws is crucial. This section will delve into the concealed carry laws and transportation regulations in Missouri related to air guns.

Concealed Carry

Missouri allows for the concealed carry of an air gun without a permit, as long as the individual is at least 19 years old and legally allowed to possess a firearm. It’s important to note that concealed carry rules for air guns may differ from those of traditional firearms, so ensure full compliance with the law before carrying an air gun in a concealed manner. Violating concealed carry laws holds severe consequences, including criminal charges.

Transportation Regulations

When transporting an air gun in Missouri, it’s crucial to adhere to specific regulations to avoid legal implications. While air guns are not treated as firearms under federal law, it’s essential to transport them securely and responsibly. Whether it’s in a vehicle for hunting or target practice, following transportation regulations is vital.

Penalties For Violations

When it comes to air gun laws in Missouri, it is of utmost importance to understand the penalties for violations. Ignorance of these consequences can lead to severe legal trouble. Therefore, it is crucial to be aware of the legal consequences, fines, and sentencing that offenders may face.

Legal Consequences

Missouri law enforcement takes air gun violations seriously, and individuals who violate these laws can face legal repercussions. Whether intentionally or unintentionally, committing an offense can result in penalties that range from fines to imprisonment.

Fines And Sentencing

Violating air gun laws can lead to fines and sentencing. The severity of the penalty generally depends on the nature of the violation, previous convictions, and the judge’s discretion. Here are some key points to note regarding fines and sentencing:

  1. The fines for air gun violations in Missouri can vary widely depending on the specific offense. Offenders may face fines ranging from a few hundred dollars to several thousands of dollars, especially for more severe violations.
  2. The court may also impose specific conditions, such as probation, community service, or mandatory attendance of educational programs related to firearms safety.
  3. In some cases, individuals convicted of air gun violations may face imprisonment. These sentences can range from a few days in county jail to several years in state prison, depending on the severity of the offense.

It is important to remember that fines and sentencing are subject to change and can vary based on the specific circumstances of each case. It is always advisable to consult legal professionals or seek guidance from local authorities regarding air gun laws in Missouri to ensure compliance and avoid penalties.

Current Debates And Future Changes

As discussions surrounding air gun laws in Missouri continue to evolve, there are several ongoing debates and potential future changes that are capturing the attention of the community. These issues, such as proposed legislation and community concerns, highlight the importance of understanding the current regulations in place and staying informed about potential updates that may affect air gun ownership and usage within the state.

Proposed Legislation

Currently, there are several proposed pieces of legislation that could impact air gun laws in Missouri. Lawmakers are considering measures that aim to either relax or tighten regulations, reflecting a wide range of viewpoints on the subject. One proposed bill aims to expand the rights of air gun owners by allowing the use of these weapons for hunting certain game species. Proponents argue that air guns are a legitimate and effective tool for hunting, while opponents express concerns about safety and the ethical treatment of animals.

On the other hand, there are also proposed bills that seek to impose more restrictions on the use and possession of air guns. These initiatives are primarily driven by concerns over public safety and the potential misuse of these weapons. Supporters argue that implementing stricter regulations will help prevent accidents and protect communities, while opponents contend that such measures may penalize responsible air gun enthusiasts and infringe upon their Second Amendment rights.

Community Concerns

Within the Missouri community, there are various concerns that contribute to the ongoing debates surrounding air gun laws. One particular issue revolves around the classification of air guns as firearms. Some argue that air guns should be treated as firearms under the law, subjecting them to the same regulations, background checks, and age restrictions as traditional firearms. This perspective emphasizes the need for responsible ownership and highlights potential safety risks associated with these weapons.

Additionally, access to public spaces is another concern raised by the community. As air gun popularity grows, individuals express unease regarding where these weapons can be safely and legally discharged. Questions arise regarding the proximity to residential areas, parks, and other common recreational spaces. Striking a balance between accommodating the interests of air gun enthusiasts and ensuring the safety and peace of mind of the general public is a complex task that continues to fuel debates and discussions within the community.

While it is impossible to predict the exact future changes to air gun laws in Missouri, staying informed and participating in these debates is crucial for both air gun owners and those impacted by their usage. Awareness of proposed legislation and understanding community concerns will enable individuals to make educated decisions and actively contribute to the ongoing dialogue surrounding air gun regulations.

Frequently Asked Questions On Air Gun Laws In Missouri

Can I Carry An Air Gun In Missouri Without A Permit?

Yes, in Missouri, you can legally carry an air gun without a permit as long as it’s not concealed and you use it for lawful purposes like hunting or target shooting.

What Are The Restrictions On Air Gun Usage In Missouri?

In Missouri, you must be at least 18 years old to purchase an air gun. It’s illegal to carry an air gun in a concealed manner or use it in a reckless or dangerous way.

Are There Specific Places Where I Can’t Use An Air Gun In Missouri?

Yes, in Missouri, you cannot discharge an air gun within city limits or within 150 yards of an occupied building without the owner’s consent. Make sure to follow local ordinances.

What Is The Minimum Age Requirement To Buy An Air Gun In Missouri?

To purchase an air gun in Missouri, you must be at least 18 years old. It’s important to adhere to age restrictions when buying air guns to avoid legal repercussions.


Understanding air gun laws in Missouri is crucial for gun owners and enthusiasts. The regulations ensure the safety of individuals and the public while also permitting responsible use. Familiarizing oneself with these laws helps to avoid legal issues and promotes ethical and lawful enjoyment of air guns.

Stay informed and adhere to the guidelines for a smooth and legal air gun experience in Missouri.

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